Rapid urbanisation also puts pressure on transport systems and job opportunities. But critics quickly point out that India — touted as an international powerhouse in the 21st century along with China — will never become an economic success story until it eradicates its many urban slums. This has several advantages and disadvantages. Dharavi could also follow the Brazilian model, as evidenced in Rocinha in Rio de Janeiro. Mumbai is located on a peninsular on the Western coast of Maharashtra state in western India, bordering the Arabian Sea. Within the Favelas the government has assisted people in improving their homes.

Rubbish is everywhere and most areas lack sanitation and excrement and rats are found on the street. Slums such as Dharavi also have implications for engineering studies within India, she says. At the edge of the tip the rag dealers sort their haul before selling it on to dealers. There are 15, one room factories in Dharavi which there are feeding most of Mumbai. In some cases this rapid urbanisation happens too fast for the city authorities to cope with.

Online Geography Resources

Back to top Counterurbanisation in Mumbai The map below shows that some of the population of Mumbai is also counterurbanising, with a decline in population geograpphy a 20 year period within the original heart of the city in Mumbai district.

It is sorted into wire, electrical products, and plastics. The northwards movement along rail and road corridors comes first.

In the wet monsoon season these people have huge problems living on this low lying marginal land. This has several advantages and disadvantages.

geography case study dharavi

Sincethe graph shows the inexorable rise in the population of Mumbai, from 8 million in to 21 million now. This approach has lower costs than Vision Mumbai and is more sustainable.


Most of India’s major television and satellite networks, as well as its major dharavk houses, have headquarters here.

geography aqa : dharavi case study – Mindmap in GCSE Geography

Professor Vicziany says her initial reaction to Dharavi was that the buildings should be knocked down to make way for new housing. In the last decade, Thane, Vashi and Belapur have become extended suburbs despite being planned as individual towns.

This can result in people working in poor conditions, for long hours and low pay. Iqbal Chahal, the state official overseeing the massive project, said Dharavi’s acre marshland will be transformed mainly by private developers. The quandary is that people have to work in poor conditions to recycle waste. Ansari said he saw similar development projects in the s and s when thousands languished in a transit camp for years without seeing new homes promised by government officials.

The squatter settlement is unplanned and has these characteristics: At the edge of Dharavi the newest arrivals come to make their homes on waste land next to water pipes in slum areas.

These space ways allow various activities to be linked, such as garment workshops, while maintaining a secluded living space on another.

The commuter traffic has changed. This made it the closest port of entry to subcontinent for travellers from Europe, through the Suez Canal.

Even dangerous hospital waste is recycled. India, which has 1.

geography case study dharavi

People have to go to the toilet in the street and there are open sewers. Global resource consumption and security 3. The Brazilian government also moved a lot of people out of shanty towns and into low cost, basic housing estates with plumbing, electricity and transport links.


Over 20 million people lived in Mumbai incompared to less than 10 million in However, many of the residents of Mumbai live in illegal squatter settlements known as bustees in India.

geography aqa : dharavi case study

With smoke billowing from nearby geograpgy, they agreed to form a committee to stop the project. The increase in wealth is used to develop both secondary and university education, further increasing the skills base of the urban area.

This could lead to Dengue fever, cholera and hepatitis. Their cse spaces add extra room without seeming crowded, and include small spaces for bathing. Djaravi than being just one way into the Central Business District CBD in the south of the city in the mornings there is an increasing movement of people in the opposite direction. People are economically stratified into those that can afford better housing and those that cannot, rather than historical caste, religious or linguistic stratifications 2.

Many Indian authorities here proudly claim this seaside metropolis — the nation’s largest — as an Asian financial hub on par with Shanghai and Tokyo. The following notes are based upon Kevin McCloud’s “Slumming it. Next, the areas around these communication links are developed.