I can not see why the frontier can not be both. American exceptionality could be placed in the hands of most any American institution, or even all the institutions together that made America a separate and unique nation. Metz, “Frederick Jackson Turner and the democratization of the electronic frontier. Much about the American cowboys evolved from Mexican vaqueros: Indians played a minor, peripheral role in the frontier thesis—simply wanderers with no rights or ties to the massive “free land”. September 11 attacks, series of airline hijackings and suicide attacks committed in by 19 militants…. William Appleman Williams led the “Wisconsin School” of diplomatic historians by arguing that the frontier thesis encouraged American overseas expansion, especially in Asia, during the 20th century.

They complained that he celebrated too much the egalitarianism and democracy of a frontier that was rough on women and minorities. Political, economic, and even humanitarian concerns intensified American efforts to isolate Indians on reservations. Hornady on the Extermination of the American Bison The Americans fired their heavy weaponry indiscriminately into the camp. The Frederick Jackson Turner Award is given annually by the Organization of American Historians for an author’s first scholarly book on American history.

She said that his attention shied away from this “far west”. White homesteaders had poured in, reservations were carved up and diminished, starvation set in, corrupt federal agents cut food rations, and drought hit the Plains.

frederick jackson turners thesis held that the frontier

Most viewed reservation Indians as lazy and thought of Native cultures as inferior to their own. They also agreed that the “frontier” was over, and that a new page in history was about to begin. If the Indians could not be forced through kindness to change their ways, most agreed that it was acceptable to use force, which Native thrners resisted.

Frederick Jackson Turner

It was for this reason that he sought to explain the ways the frontier had been an influential part of this history. Cold and hungry, with their way of life already decimated by soldiers, settlers, cattlemen, and railroads, the last free Fredefick bands were moved to the reservation at Fort Sill, in what is now southwestern Oklahoma.


The Frontier Thesis came about at a time when the Germanic germ theory of history was popular. Adams, his mentor at Johns Hopkinshad argued that all significant American institutions derived from German and English antecedents. Everything in American history up to the s somehow relates the western frontier, including slavery.

The fur-traders were the first wave that swept westward across the nation in this pioneer progression, starting as early as the 17 th century. Although he published little, he had an encyclopedic knowledge of American history, earning a reputation by as one of the two or three most influential historians in the country.

It gained further acceptance among those who were of the same background as Turner, children of the closing frontier. He felt that since the West did not have one characteristic that unified it as a region, that many factors must be combined to see the big picture of western history.

Frontier Thesis – Wikipedia

The Homestead Act excluded married women from filing claims because they were considered the legal dependents of their husbands. She sought to prove a few things with this piece. The next four, shorter essays by Limerick, Malone, Thompson and West continue this “New Western” history assessment of the frontier.

frederick jackson turners thesis held that the frontier

In spite of this, Turner laments, the frontier has received little serious study from historians and economists. Keep Exploring Britannica September 11 attacks.

Evidently, the belief that free political institutions of the United States spawned in ancient Germanic forests endured well into the s. Views Read Edit View history.

Retrieved December 30, Frances Densmore and Mountain Chief Micheaux promoted the West as a place where blacks could experience less institutionalized forms of racism and earn economic success through hard work and perseverance.


Frederick Jackson Turner – Wikipedia

The vast and cyclical movement across the Great Plains to hunt buffalo, raid enemies, and trade goods was incompatible with new patterns of American settlement and railroad construction. Turner’s sectionalism thesis had almost as much influence among historians as his frontier thesis, but never became widely known to the general public as did the frontier thesis. It explained why the American people and American government were so different from their European counterparts.

Sheehan Linda K. September 11 attacks, series of airline hijackings and suicide attacks committed in by 19 militants…. In her essay, she aimed to analyze Turner to find why he may have done this.

This national network created the fabled cattle drives of the s and s. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources.

And they tkrners, he said, participate in a religious ceremony that came to be known as the Ghost Dance. He argued that the moving western frontier shaped American democracy and the American character from the colonial era until Family farms were the backbone of the agricultural economy that expanded in the West after the Civil War.

Initial clashes between U.

frederick jackson turners thesis held that the frontier

Awarded his doctorate inhe was one of the first historians professionally trained in the United States rather than Europe.